In 1937/38 Nanjing was witness to one of the worlds haunting events, being the massacre of some 300000 people at the hands of invading forces. At that time Nanjing was the capital of China and Japanese forces had taken control of the city and during the first six to eight weeks of their occupation had performed indescribable atrocities according to Chinese reports.
The memorial was built in 1985 and later updated and expanded to cover 28000 square meters. It’s located on the original site where the holocaust took place.
Large granite statues and structures and the thoughtful use of significant spaces make for a solemn place of reflection. Inside the buildings, there are collections of artifacts from the time, exhibits, along with a documentary that runs on a large screen.
One purpose built building serves as a tomb, upon walking through and looking down from the railing onto the exposed ground the many remains of those ill-fated can be seen (not pictured).
The memorial serves many purposes, along with being a tomb and memorial, there are strong messages made of the need for international peace. It also serves as a national education base for patriotism.
Hours: 8:30 am to 4:30 pm (closed on Monday)
Address: 418 Shuiximen Street (near Yunjin Road)
Chinese Name for taxi: 侵华日军南京大屠杀遇难同胞纪念馆
Getting There: take metro line 2 and get off at Yunjin Road Station (云锦路). Take exit 2.
Where to stay in Nanjing? See my picks for the top hotels in Nanjing city.
Nearby: very near the memorial is the China Nanjing Yunjin Museum (中国南京云锦博物馆) which focuses on brocade art and is the #1 museum in China for such artifacts. A little further up Shuximen Street and you will find Wanda Plaza (南京万达广场) which is a large modern mall offering plenty of cafes and eateries.
Also see: my intro to Nanjing, the top ten local foods to eat, and the key attractions here.