Nanjing is located in Jinagsu province of which it is the capital. It’s a beautiful city, it’s modern and has a progressive feel. It has a long history dating back as far to 472 BC, and has been the home of many of Chinas emporers thus giving the city a rich treasure trove of cultural relics and historic sites. The city has also been central in the formation of modern China.
Nanjing’s rich history traces back to 495BC and has been the country’s capital on more than one occasion. It was the capital of the Ming empire from 1368 to 1421 during which time it was also believed to be one of the largest cities in the world.
In the 1842, during the Opium War, British troops invaded Nanjing and it’s where the namesake, Treaty of Nanjing was drawn between the Chinese and the British.
In 1911 the city was central in the revolution led by Dr Sat Yun Sen which led to the downfall of Chinas last emporer and the Qing Dynasty. It was at that time the then new Republic of China was formed. Chiang Kai-shek took over leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) political party led by Dr Sat Yun Sen in 1925.
As much as the city has seen some great times in Chinas history, it has also seen some of the worse. The year was 1937 when the Japanese, just after taking control Shanghai, invaded Nanjing and in a bloody battle took control of the city. During their 6 week occupation the Japanese were brutal, inflicting was is now refered to as the Nanjing Massacre where 300,000 Chinese died.
Not long after the Japanese occupation had ended, old political battles re-ignited, and the growing Chinese Communist Party (CCP) led by Mao Zhedong, which had played a lead role in driving the Japanese out of the country, was keen to see the in-power KMT party step aside. After failed negotiations of the Americans for peace between the two groups in 1946 a civil war saw the demise of the KMT party. The KMT party fled to one of Chinas islands and formed what is now Taiwan.
Nanjing is now a modern metropolis home to over 8 million people, many of which are foreigners. Nanjing is a major education center, transport hub and tourism center.
A two day visit to Najing was enough to see:
Zhonghuamen Gate – South Gate, Zhonghua Lu
Nanjing Museum – 321 Zhongshan Donglu
Presidential Palace – 292 Changjiang Lu
Confucius Temple (Fuzi Temple) – Qinhuai
Memorial Hall of the Nanjing Massacre – 418 Shuiximen Street.
But, theres many more historic sites and places to see in Nanjing including:
Zhongshan Mountain located in East Nanjing
Sun Yatsen Mausoleum – Zhongshan Mountain
Ming Xialing Tomb – Zhongshan Mountain
Linggu Temple – Zhongshan Mountain
Purple Mountain Observatory – Zhongshan Mountain
Botanic Gardens – Zhiwu Yuan
Nanjing Treaty History Museum – 116 Chao Yue Lou
Ming Palace Ruins – Zhongshan Donglu
Jiming Temple – Xuanwu Hu
Yangzi River Bridge and Bridge Park
Martyrs Cemetery – Yuhua Lu
Zifeng Tower (one of the worlds tallest) near Gulou Metro Station
Hunan Road – shopping and food street at Shiziqiao Street
Zhenghe Memorial Park
Drum Tower – 6 Zhongyang Lu
Bell Tower – Beijing Dong Lu
Mochouchu Park and Lake – Hanzhongmen Street
Yuejiang Tower Scenic Spot – 202号 Jianning Road
Map of Attractions plus Nanjing hotels